CLINICAL PROFILE IN PATIENTS OF SNAKE BITE AND THEIR OUTCOME
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5843-5847
AbstractBackground: Snake bite is a well-known occupational hazard amongst farmers, plantation workers,
and other outdoor workers and results in much morbidity and mortality throughout the world.
This occupational hazard is no more an issue restricted to a particular part of the world; it has
become a global issue.
Aim: To study the clinical profile and outcome of patients of snake bite admitted JA group of
hospital Gwalior (GRMC Gwalior)
Method: This study was conducted in JA group of hospital Gwalior (GRMC Gwalior) in 75 patients
admitted with history of definite snake bite in ICU, Department of Medicine, G.R. Medical College,
Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India over a period of one and a half year from July 2019 to December
2021. All the patients were subjected to history taking, complete physical examination and relevant
blood investigations including compete blood count and renal function test with appropriate
inclusion and exclusion criteria
Results: Most of the cases of snake bite were from age group 21-30 years (28%) and second most
common age group was 41-50 years (24%). Ptosis (74.6%) was found to be most common symptom
followed by ophthalmoplegia (62.6%) in snake bite patients.Almost all (94.6%) patients of snake
bite recovered and only 4 (5.4%) died in hospital due to cardiac arrest while on ventilator.
Conclusion: Snakebite is most often an occupational, domestic or environmental hazard affecting
mostly males and from age group 21-30 years. Mostly patients appeared with
neurotoxicity.Majority of patients of snake bite recovered if they received right treatment
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