A CLINICAL STUDY COMPARING EFFICACY OF EPIDURAL PLAIN BUPIVACAINE AND BUPIVACAINE PLUS FENTANYL IN ABDOMINAL AND LOWERLIMB SURGERIES
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5943-5951
AbstractIntroduction: Epidural anesthesia is a type of neuraxial anesthesia; used for anesthesia of
abdominal, pelvic, and lower extremity procedures and, less commonly, thoracic procedures
and as a supplement to general anesthesia for thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic procedures and
for postoperative analgesia following aforementioned procedures.
Aims: A clinical study comparing efficacy of epidural plain Bupivacaine and combination of
Bupivacaine plus Fentanyl in abdominal and lower limb surgeries.
Materials and Methods: The present clinical study has been carried during 2017-2019,The
Study was under taken to compare the efficacy of Bupivacaine and combination of
Bupivacaine with fentanyl regarding onset, duration and quality of analgesia when given
extraduraly.The study was conducted on 100 adult patients of ASA grade Ι and ΙΙ.
Results: The time of onset of analgesia was determined by pin prick method every one
minute till there was absence of pain sensation and maximum sensory blockade. The quality
of analgesia was recorded as excellent, good, fair and poor. Duration of analgesia was
deduced by testing every 15 minutes with pinprick method for return of sensation in two
dermatomes below the highest level of block achieved i.e., 2-segment regression. The
complications were noted.
Conclusion: The onset of analgesia was quick and time for complete analgesia was earlier in
Bupivacaine and Fentanyl combination group when compared to Bupivacainegroup.The
quality of analgesia was excellent in Bupivacaine and Fentanyl group when compared to
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