Adolescent Pregnancy: A Prospective Study in a Tertiary Care Centre
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9818-9823
AbstractBackground -Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood (WHO 1975). It extends from 11 to 19 years. Teenage mothers and their babies have high risk of developing health problems like anemia, eclampsia and pre-term delivery. Maternal mortality rate is ~5 times more in teenage than older women.
Aim & Objectives-To discern Incidence of teenage pregnancy with incidence of fetal and maternal medical and obstetrical complication. To discern factors contributing to teenage pregnancy and strategies for its prevention.
Materials & Methods-It was a prospective study done on Pregnant teenagers of any trimester admitted to Labour Room Emergency (LRE), PMCH, during the period from January to December 2019.Patients and neonates were evaluated before and after delivery accordingly.
Results-About 4.7% to ~ 5% of total admissions of LRE were teenagers. Associated complications were anemia, CPD, HDP, increased surgical interference, assisted vaginal delivery. High risk of PROM, Preterm deliveries also present. Common indications of C.S.- Fetal Distress, CPD, HDP, PROM . Neonatal complications- LBW & prematurity.
Conclusions-Teenage pregnancy needs to be tackled as a priority to ease burden of socio-economic & health problems by giving them proper education, also their parents to bring about a change in the society.
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