Morphometric Parameters for Determination of Sex by Adult Human Clavicle
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9906-9912
AbstractBackground: The determination of sex of an individual is primary criterion of identification, but this is very difficult problem and becomes even more challenging when only a single bone like clavicle is available. The traditional methods of sexing bone are subjective and not of much help in medico-legal cases where 100% accuracy is needed. Hence metrical analysis of clavicles for determination of sex by various morphometric measurements is done.
Methodology: The total 155 dried clavicles of adult human bodies of known sexes were obtained from the dept. of Anatomy, at Indira Gandhi Institute of medical sciences, Patna. And various medical colleges in Bihar. The present study was conducted at dept. of Anatomy, by measuring the various morphological data of adult human clavicles like their length, mid-shaft circumference, weight, volume, incidence of rhomboid fossa and its length and breadth, and medial and lateral angles.
Conclusion: The clavicular parameters like length, mid-shaft circumference, robustness index, weight, volume, rhomboid fossa length and breadths have been found to be statistically highly significant with high probability of prediction of correct sex. While, clavicular angles were less significant. When a clavicle exhibits a rhomboid fossa, it was likely from a male.
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