A prospective study on the treatment of chronic non-healing ulcers using autologous platelet rich plasma
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9945-9953
AbstractAim: To assess the effect of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) in non-healing ulcers.
Material and methods: It was a hospital based prospective cross-sectional &
observational study between July 2020 to June 2021, at Hind institute of medical
sciences, Safedabad, Barabanki. The history and examination were done bedside. In
cases where the condition of patients doesn’t warrant giving history, their relatives or
attendants were interviewed. A predesigned pretested semi-structured questionnaire
was filled by the interviewer. Data was entered in Microsoft Excel sheet. The study area
was General Surgery, Orthopaedics& medicine department, of Hind Institute of
Medical Sciences, Safedabad, Barabanki.Pus culture and sensitivity were sent then after
cleaning the wound with normal saline and betadine solution, already centrifuged
platelet rich plasma was injected subcutaneously inside, in the periphery of wound and
spread over floor of ulcer then dress with non-absorbent dressing. 1st dressing was
changed on the 3rd day of injection then dressing was changed on every 7th day.We
evaluated the effect of 1 dose of platelet rich plasma injection efficacy in wound/ulcer
healing & reduction in wound/ulcer size and follow-up by visual inspection.
Results: At admission, the mean wound area was 388.6±25.35 mm2 which was reduced
Furtherreductionwasobservedat 14th day (49.66%) and 21st day (64.40%) and these
reductions were statisticallysignificant (p value <0.001).At 21st day the % change in
volume was maximum for venous ulcer (69.25±4.43 %) and minimum for post
traumatic (65.27±9.11 %). No significant difference was found in % change in volume at
21st day among various ulcer types (p value =0.336).
Conclusion: Based on this study observation and result, we proposed that platelet rich
plasma is a safe bio-compatible, cost-effective, less time-consuming procedure and does
not require sophisticated equipment.
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