Study of Prevalence of H. Pylori Infection in Patients Undergoing Upper GI Endoscopy
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10130-10137
AbstractBackground: prototypical developing country as far as H. pylori infection is concerned and more than 20 million Indians are estimated to suffer from peptic ulcer disease. There is very limited data regarding its prevalence in our country. So this study aims to ascertain the prevalence of the H. pylori infection in the patients.
Methodology: The study was conducted with both out patients and in-patients of All india institute of medical sciences, Patna. The study conducted was a cross sectional prospective study, Study duration of two years. he upper gastro intestinal endoscopy was done with flexible, fibro-optic endoscope with patients in left lateral positions. Two endoscopic biopsy fragments were obtained from each patient from the antrum. One biopsy fragment was sent to histopathology.
Conclusion: The prevalence was 45% in the present study. It corroborates as there is improvement in the socioeconomic status, living conditions, as India strives on the path of being a developed country, mirroring the prevalence of a western country. There is no statistically significant association between H.pylori infection and gender, age. Among the endoscopic findings, prevalence was highest in gastric polyp, duodenitis, Gastric ulcer, Ca stomach, antral gastritis.
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