A CLINICAL STUDY COMPARING EFFICACY OF EPIDURAL PLAIN BUPIVACAINE AND BUPIVACAINE PLUS FENTANYL IN ABDOMINAL AND LOWERLIMB SURGERIES.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10707-10714
AbstractIntroduction: Epidural anesthesia is a type of neuraxial anesthesia; used for anesthesia of abdominal, pelvic, and lower extremity procedures and, less commonly, thoracic procedures and as a supplement to general anesthesia for thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic procedures and for postoperative analgesia following aforementioned procedures.
Aims: A clinical study comparing efficacy of epidural plain Bupivacaine and combination of Bupivacaine plus Fentanyl in abdominal and lower limb surgeries.
Materials and Methods: The present clinical study has been carried during 2017-2019,The Study was under taken to compare the efficacy of Bupivacaine and combination of Bupivacaine with fentanyl regarding onset, duration and quality of analgesia when given extraduraly.The study was conducted on 100 adult patients of ASA grade Ι and ΙΙ.
Results: The time of onset of analgesia was determined by pin prick method every one minute till there was absence of pain sensation and maximum sensory blockade. The quality of analgesia was recorded as excellent, good, fair and poor. Duration of analgesia was deduced by testing every 15 minutes with pinprick method for return of sensation in two dermatomes below the highest level of block achieved i.e., 2-segment regression. The complications were noted.
Conclusion: The onset of analgesia was quick and time for complete analgesia was earlier in Bupivacaine and Fentanyl combination group when compared to Bupivacainegroup.The quality of analgesia was excellent in Bupivacaine and Fentanyl group when compared to Bupivacainegroup.
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