MRI evaluation of cruciate ligaments and associated injuries in knee joint
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2051-2057
AbstractThe knee joint is one of the most frequently injured joints in the body. Since it is a weight bearing joint, it is consistently exposed to substantial force. The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments play a vital role in stabilization of the knee joint. Loss of these restraints leads to substantial morbidity and can result in secondary dysfunction of other structures of the knee.
MR imaging of the knee is an excellent modality that detects lesions not always evident on arthroscopy and helps in planning and treatment of meniscal &ligament injuries. The aim of our study is to assess the accuracy of MR imaging in evaluation of cruciate ligament injuries of knee joint. To study and categorize the patterns of cruciate ligament injuries and associated bone and surrounding soft tissues on MRI. Also, to correlate the clinical profile of cruciate and associated ligament injuries with magnetic resonance imaging findings.
Fifty patients were examined on a 1.5 T GE MR system at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Jaipur for a time period of eighteen months from December 2019 to May 2021.
Conclusion of our study is that MRI is an excellent modality to detect the lesions in an injured knee. It has great capability in diagnosing meniscal tear and classifying them into grades. According to our study MRI is more sensitive than clinical tests to detect the cruciate ligaments and associated lesions. MRI is unique in its ability to evaluate the internal structure as well as the peripheral meniscal tears, and inferior surface tears. MRI being noninvasive does not involve morbidity associated with other tests like arthroscopy.
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