To Study Sero-positivity of Viral Infections (HIV, HBV, HCV), Syphilis and Malaria in Voluntary and Replacement Blood Donors
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10874-10880
AbstractIntroduction: According to NACO guidelines, all mandatory tests should be carried out on donors blood samples for human immune deficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus( HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis and malaria. The whole blood or components from any unit that tests positive should be discarded.
Materials and methods: The present study was carried out in H.K.E.S blood bank attached to Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College and Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital Gulbarga The blood bank of Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College and Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital Gulbarga of Department of Pathology, is licenced blood bank with average annual collection of 10,000 units of blood from healthy blood donors from in and around Gulbarga .
Results: The seroprevalence of HIV is 0.14% in total donors .All the HIV positive blood units were from replacement donors and majority were males. Seropositivity for HIV was more in rural population. The seroprevalence of HBsAg is 0.76% in total donors. All positive blood units were replacement donors (0.73%) and were in the age range of 26-35yrs (70.96%).seropositivity for HBsAg is more in rural donors. The seroprevalence of HCV is 0.050% in total donors. All the positive ddonors were replacement and males .Majority were from rural population. The seroprevalence of syphilis and malaria is 0.001% and all cases were from male replacement donors and majority were from rural population.
Conclusion: Efforts should be made to increase the number of voluntary donors and reduce replacement donations to a minimum.
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