Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis-B Virus and Syphilis in Antenatal Cases in and Around Bihar
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11274-11281
AbstractBackground: HIV, HBV and syphilis in pregnancy are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, still birth, low birth weight, congenital infections etc.
Objectives: The present study was undertaken to know the seroprevalence of HIV, HBV and syphilis in and around bihar.
Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, IGIMS, Patna. The study included 300 blood samples from antenatal women attending outpatient and inpatient and also private hospital antenatal cases, whose blood samples were sent for routine blood investigations to our Laboratory. All the test sera were tested for anti-HIV IgG antibodies by a DOT immunoassay, if reactive was confirmed by TRIDOT and ELISA test. They were also tested for HBV by HBsAg ELISA and syphilis by VDRL test, if reactive was confirmed by TPHA test.
Conclusion: Prevalence of HIV, HBV are high from this study, so it is important to screen all the antenatal mothers for both, so as to provide proper antenatal, intranatal and post natal care to seropositive women and prevent MTCT. Eventhough the seroprevalence of syphilis is low from the present study, it is advisable to screen for syphilis also, as the disease is treatable and thus helps to eliminate the adverse effect of untreated syphilis both in mother and foetus.
- Article View: 47
- PDF Download: 61