Ranula and its various methods of surgical management: A review literature
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1549-1552
Ranula is pathological condition where there is no particlar common treatment protocol for it. It is characterized by frog like belly appearance of swelling especially in the floor of the mouth caused by the abnormal accumulation of salivary mucins[1,2]. There are lot of treatment method proposed for ranula that includes excision with or without removal of the involved salivary gland, marsupialization, cauterization of the roof of the lesion , drainage of the contents of the lesion and micro-marsupialization. Since there is wide varity of treatment procedure available, sometimes there will be difficulty in arriving into particular treatment procedure for the given condition. But this situation is slowly changing. This review article aimed to throw insight into the concepts and consensus revolving revolving around the management of ranula.
Ranulas are extravasation cysts. In conclusion ranulas are found to arise majorly from the sublingual salivary gland; This condition is not a common occurrence probably we can encounter one lesion per year of our practice. A simpler approach will be marsupialization with the addition of packing. Recurrence rates seem to be reduced to a reasonable level. Persistent recalcitrant lesions should be dealt with by sublingual gland excision. Micro marsupialization is the advanced technique that has provided simplicity of execution, low invasiveness and the fact that no special care is required during recovery make this technique a good treatment option, especially in pediatric patients
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