Prevalence of Rota & Adeno viral acute gastroenteritis in children < 5yrs of age and study of associated social factors in tertiary care hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 372-378
AbstractA descriptive case-control study was conducted over one year to diagnose Rota and Adenovirus acute gastroenteritis by using an economic rapid antigen detection test and to determine associated social factors like age, gender, feeding methods, drinking water, socio-economic status, and Rota vaccine status.
Results: 26% of samples tested positive for Rotavirus and 0.4% were positive for adenovirus, more cases of Rotavirus in > 6 months to 2 years as they are on the mixed feed and more activities. 44% of viral gastroenteritis cases were from lower socioeconomic status. 72% were using boiled cooled tap water and others were using reverse osmosis water only 33.3% of children had been vaccinated against Rotavirus, none from the Rotavirus positive cases.43.6% of cases were between October to December.
Conclusion: A rapid card Antigen test for Rota and adenovirus will help in the management of cases & can reduce the financial burden of treatment. Acute viral gastroenteritis cases were associated with poor socioeconomic background, more common between the age of 6 months to 2yrs, and all were not vaccinated
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