Critical evaluation of effectiveness of step-up exercise program for improving gait in stroke patients in Udaipur region
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 11973-11982
AbstractBackground: Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability. Walking dysfunction affects more than 80% of stroke survivors. Despite rehabilitation efforts, 25% of all stroke survivors have residual gait impairments that necessitate full physical assistance before being discharged from the hospital. Step-up exercise is a type of weight-bearing exercise used to improve lower-limb neuromuscular coordination.
Objective: To analyze the effect of a modulated step up exercise program for gait rehabilitation in stroke patients.
Methodology: 30 post-stroke hemiplegic patients were selected for study. Further these 30 individuals randomly divided into two groups. Which were named as control group and experimental group with 15 patients in each group for conventional and step-up therapy. Duration of study was 4 months.
Result: While, comparing records of the two groups before the therapy, shows no diverge in the pre-test, considerably (p>.05), i.e., discovered to be statistically equivalent. In contrast, post therapy outcome shows significant change between the control and experiment group because p value for step length, natural velocity and cadence were <0.05.
Conclusion: The study's findings indicate that step-up exercises are more effective than traditional exercises in improving stroke patients' outcomes. Because the experimental group outperformed the control group in terms of step length, natural velocity, and cadence, the improvement in gait and balance is considerably greater
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