A Retrospective Study on Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Acute Coronary Syndrome Inpatients
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 1407-1411
AbstractBackground- Patients with myocardial infarction (MI) who are in the acute vs chronic stable phase are at a higher long-term risk for recurrent cardiovascular events. This study was carried out to assess the risk factors for cardiovascular (CVD) morbidity and all-cause mortality, as well as to establish the interval between the acute and chronic stable phases of illness.
Methods- The study included 120 patients with acute coronary syndrome who were diagnosed with the condition and were admitted to the Darbhanga Medical College & Hospital, Department of Cardiology.
Results- In this study, 40% of the patients did not meet the criteria for MS, while 60% of the patients had metabolic syndrome. There are 14 females and 58 males in the MS+ category. The study's participants have an average age of 51.3 years. Patients with and without metabolic syndrome have a similar mean age of 52.3 and 48.9 years, respectively. Patients with metabolic syndrome were found to have a history of hypertension, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and coronary artery disease in proportions of 25, 5, 45, 8, 29, 20, 8, and 16, respectively. History of hypertension is the only factor of statistical significance.Males met 34 of the three criteria for metabolic syndrome, 17 of the four, and 2 of the five requirements for multiple sclerosis. Three females met three of the metabolic syndrome's criteria, seven met four, and four met all five.
Conclusion- The elderly were most frequently impacted. Smoking was the risk factor that was discovered in this investigation to be present most frequently.
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