STUDY ON VOCAL CORD PALSY AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING ENT DEPARTMENT OF A MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 1459-1465
AbstractBackground:A multitude of muscles govern the vocal cords (VC), which are delicate structures in the larynx. The present study was done to learn more about the symptoms and indications of VC paralysis, as well as the muscles implicated and the systemic disorders that cause it.
Materials and Methods: It was a hospital based cross-sectional study undertaken at a Medical College in the department of ENT. Individuals between the ages of 15 and 75 were selected if they were willing to participate in the study. Individuals who were too old, reluctant, extremely sick, had pulmonary tuberculosis, or were HIV positive were all omitted. The symptoms were carefully tabulated, and a detailed history was taken. These individuals were subjected to a thorough ENT examination, which included both indirect and video laryngoscopy.
Results: A total of 43 individuals with VC paralysis were studied. The most typical age group is the fifth to sixth decade of life, and males are more likely to be involved. Most common side involved was Left (48.8%). The most common symptoms are hoarseness of voice and cough with expectoration. Idiopathic cases followed by pulmonary pathology were the common reasons.
Conclusion: Causes of vocal cord palsy vary with age, sex, presence of systemic diseases, side of lesion etc. Hence, a careful workup is needed in all cases with this condition.
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