EVALUATION OF SOCIO-CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLITARY NODULE OF THYROID: A HOSPITAL BASED PROSPECTIVE STUDY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 1554-1559
AbstractBackground: Solitary thyroid nodule is one of the most frequent presentations of thyroid disorder. This study aimed to evaluate the Socio-clinical Characteristics of Solitary Nodule of Thyroid at Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore.
Methods: This prospective study included 55 patients, who were clinically diagnosed as solitary nodule of thyroid in the Department of Surgery at K R Hospital attached to MMC & RI, Mysore during the period of 18 months from January 2011 to July 2012. All patients were subjected to thyroid profile, USG & FNAC examination.
Results: The peak age at presentation of solitary nodule thyroid was 3rd to 5th decade, constituting about 43(78%) of the cases .It was more common in females with the ratio M:F(49/6) = 1:8.16 and in euthyroid state(95%). Its commonest presentation was swelling in front of neck and maximum had duration of symptoms between 1-2 years. 28 (50.9%) presented with nodule in right lobe of the thyroid gland and 27(49.1%) in the left lobe. Most of the patients 31(56.4%), were presented with the size of about 3 to 5 cm. Its Common causes were MNG (33%), follicular adenoma(25%) and adenomatous goitre(25%). FNAC was an important investigation in the evaluation.
Conclusion: Solitary nodule of thyroid were more common in females , in the age group of 20-50years, present with swelling in front of neck, had duration of symptoms between 1-2 years, presented with nodule in right lobe of the thyroid gland , size of about 3 to 5 cm, mostly in euthyroid state and the commonest cause was multi-nodular goiter
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