Prediction of length and diameter of semitendinosus graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using anthropometric parameters, age, gender and physical activities
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 1585-1593
AbstractBackground: The knee joint is one of the most commonly injured joint and the most commonly injured ligament in knee is the anterior cruciate ligament Multiple graft option exist for reconstruction of ACL of which semitendinosus graft is one of the favoured graft . Study aimed to correlate the anthropometric parameters, age, gender, physical activities with intraoperative length and diameter of semitendinosus graft to facilitate ligament reconstruction .
Methodology: It is a prospective study done at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry between January 2020 and September 2021 where all patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury coming to the OPD and Emergency medical services department satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected and included in the study
Results: The present study included total of 35 patients after obtaining the informed consent. The mean age of patients in the study was found to be 33.18±6.99yrs of age. Among the included patients, majority were male patients (85.7%) compared to female patients (14.3%) with male to female ratio of 6:1. Side of involvement was majority with right side (71.4%) followed with left side of involvement (28.6%). There was a significant positive strength of association between the height and graft length (r=0.602, p<0.01). There was a significant positive strength of association between the thigh length and graft length (r=0.556, p<0.01). There was a significant positive strength of association between the thigh circumference and graft diameter (r=0.346, p<0.05). Similarly the physical activity was significantly positive strength of association with the graft diameter (r=0.452, p<0.05).
Conclusion: In present study height of the patients, thigh length, thigh circumference and the physical activity were strongly positively correlated with the requirement of graft diameter and the length of graft required.
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