EVALUATION OF PATTERN OF CERVICAL PAP SMEAR CYTOLOGY AND TO CORRELATE IT WITH HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 2178-2183
AbstractBackground: Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women worldwide, with 85% of its global burden occurring in less-developed countries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the pattern of cervical Pap smear cytology and to correlate it with histopathological findings.
Materials & Methods: 360 females of age ranged 18-60 years were enrolled. Cervical smears were taken with the help of Ayer’s spatula and cyto brush to collect specimen from thesquamocolumnar junction. Thesmears were stained with Papanicolaou stain(PAP stain) and slides wereexamined under light microscope following 2001 Bethesda system.
Results: Age group 18- 30 years had 68 patients, 31-40 years had 112, 41-50 years had 120 and 51-60 years had 60 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Maximum number of cases 160 were categorized as negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM). Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) seen in 54 followed by followed by low gradesquamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in 50 and high gradesquamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) in 30, squamous cell carcinoma 4 and cases of adenocarcinoma 2. 88%diagnosed on Pap smears correlated on histopathology findings.
Conclusion: Pap smears found to be effective in screening for earlydetection of premalignant and malignant lesionsof cervix.
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