An epidemiological study on corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years at a tertiary care center in Telangana
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2742-2747
AbstractContext: A prospective epidemiological study on corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years with objectives as to study the distribution of corneal opacities according to age, gender, education, occupation, residence (urban/rural), laterality of the eye, socio-economic status and also to assess various modifiable epidemiological factors and find preventive measures.
Methods: This is an observational prospective study conducted on patients presenting with corneal opacities to the outpatient Department of Cornea and Trauma in Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital for a duration of 18 months from November 2018 to March 2020. Patients with corneal opacities in the age group of 10-70 years were included. Congenital causes of corneal opacities, patients with corneal opacities below 10 years and above 70 years, patients with nystagmus, patients with pterygium were excluded. All the patients were explained about the study and detailed history of the patient and detailed evaluation was done, the data was collected in terms of Cause, Age and Gender distribution, Literacy, Rural/Urban, Occupation, Socio-economic status, Laterality and statistical analysis was done.
Conclusion: Keratitis was the commonest cause of corneal opacity found in our study followed by trauma.
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