INVESTIGATING THYROID DYSFUNCTION IN CASES OF ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING AMONG GESTATIONAL PATIENTS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 2964-2971
AbstractIntroduction: A prevalent diagnosis with significant social and economic consequences, abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) accounts for 20–30% of patients in the outpatient clinic. Heavy menstrual bleeding complaints have a large negative impact on quality of life, necessitate time away from work, necessitate surgical intervention, including hysterectomy, and eventually have a significant negative impact on the health care system. The majority of these issues can be avoided with prompt and effective management.
Methods: A ten month cross-sectional prospective study on 100 women (50 with abnormal uterine bleeding and 50 with a regular cycle were chosen as control cases) was carried out in the outpatient department at Katihar Medical College and Hospital. Both study groups had their general and menstrual histories, examinations, and thyroid function tests evaluated.
Results: Women who experienced abnormal uterine bleeding were significantly more likely to have high thyroid stimulating hormone levels (p=0.002). Low T4 levels were strongly related with women who experienced abnormal uterine bleeding (p=0.04). Women with abnormal uterine haemorrhage and hypothyroidism were shown to be significantly associated (p=0.003).
Conclusion: Maintaining a high index of suspicion and quickly screening for the existence of abnormal thyroid function are crucial for making an early diagnosis.
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