Document Type : Research Article
Background and Objectives: To investigate and assess the functional results of complete knee replacement surgery. To determine whether or not there has been an improvement in post-operative pain relief. The knee joint's degree of stability as well as its range of motion to investigate the risks and potential problems of total knee replacement surgery. The pre-operative Knee Clinical Score will be compared to the post-operative Knee Clinical Score. The pre-operative Knee Functional Score will be compared to the post-operative Knee Functional Score. In order to evaluate the radiological results of the total knee replacement procedure. Research will be conducted to investigate the connection between the Knee Clinical Score and the Knee Functional Score.
Methods: A total of 20 patients who had total knee replacements were included in this prospective analysis. Cases were selected based on certain criteria, both for inclusion and disqualification. At each patient's scheduled follow-up appointment, the Knee Society Score was applied to assess their condition. Within the participants of our study, there were a total of 20 female patients and 10 male patients. Indications were 15 cases of OA and 1 case of RA. The duration of the follow-up period was typically twenty weeks.
Results: In the course of our research, prior to surgery, every one of our patients experienced moderate to severe pain; but, following surgery, 16 of the patients only experienced mild discomfort. Following surgery, the patient's average flexion, which was 75 degrees preoperatively, increased to 94 degrees. Before surgery, each of the 15 knees received a knee score of less than 60, but after surgery, some of the knees received an exceptional score (80 to 100), while the other knees received a good score (72-79). Prior to surgery, 10 patients had a functional score that was below 60, and two patients had a functional score that was between 60 and 69. Postoperatively, 20 patients had a score that was considered to be outstanding (85-100), 10 patients had a score that was considered to be good (72-79), 6 patients had a score that was considered to be acceptable (61-69), and 2 patients had a score that was considered to be poor (60).
Conclusion: The surgical method known as total knee arthroplasty is now widely practiced and well-established. The functional outcome of the surgery is impressive, long-lasting, and gratifying, and patient acceptability is very high.