A Study of Nutrient and Vascular Foramina of Dry Adult Human Femur
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 3559-3566
AbstractBackground: Femur is richly vascularized bone deriving its arterial input from umpteen vessels. The lower end is generously supplied by the genicular arteries and is seldom more frequently subjected to ischaemic necrotic attacks. The upper end of the femur in general showed rich vascularization with the exception of the lesser trochanter.
Methodology: The present study was undertaken on 100 dry adult normal human femur bones of both sides, irrespective of sex. The bones were obtained from the Department of Anatomy, PMCH, Patna Study duration of Three years.
Conclusion: In the present study, blood supply was found to be maximum at the lower end followed by upper end and the shaft respectively, suggesting the lack of ischaemic necrosis after fractures of the lower end. Medial lip of linea aspera depicted the presence of nutrient foramina in majority of bones suggesting the entry zone for nourishment of shaft by perforating arteries.
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