Observing Effects of Six Months Moderate Exercise Training in type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Tertiary Care Hospital.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 3602-3608
AbstractIntroduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the biggest breaking ice berg of our planet leading billions of affected lives counting one-third (34.1 %) of adults. The summed total of prevalence for DM is 27.6% between women and 34.1% between men.
Hence to tackle this disease almost all the physicians ask their patients for a regular exercise. But as the quantification of the exercise is not calibrated the outcome of exercise prescribed often goes in vain. Evaluating levels of physical activity and fitness (ALPHA-FIT) test battery was applies and effects of exercise training were observed.
Material Methods: A prospective observational hospital-based study was performed at tertiary care centre in harmony with Physiotherapy instructor. For present study patients were selected who were testing on routine basis for the blood sugar level at central lab of Dept. of Pathology.
Study protocol was designed along with exercise protocol for patients. For present study a total of 79 patients were selected with 42 males and 37 females. Exercise protocol was designed. Also, patients were instructed to follow their medication on regular basis. Evaluating levels of physical activity and fitness (ALPHA-FIT) test was used.
Results: Amongst the selected study population demographic data in form of Age (in years), Duration of diabetes (in years), etc. was recorded and found to be non-significant in male and female patients. Considering the pre test and post test data all the parameters One-leg stand test (Sec.), Vertical jump test (cm.), Grip strength test, etc. ware found to be significant after 6 months of training along with strict diabetic control over same anti diabetic régime.
Conclusion: The ALPHA-FIT test battery is easy and useful method for assessment of physical fitness for patients with diabetes type 2. The battery also helps to the detection of the individual needs of exercise type and pattern that contribute to better control of diabetic and improve the physical status. Hence larger scale studied to be implemented all over the country to evaluate the actual outcome over the Diabetic patients which may be implemented as national health program for Diabetic control.
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