To compare the intraoperative haemodynamic parameters and cost effectiveness between sevoflurane (inhalational) anaesthesia and propofol (tiva) based anaesthesia
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 445-450
AbstractAim: To compare the intraoperative haemodynamic parameters and cost effectiveness between sevoflurane (inhalational) anaesthesia and propofol (tiva) based anaesthesia
Methods: Following informed consent, hundred ASA I and II patients aged 19-63 years of either sex having general anaesthesia were randomly split into two groups of 50. Patients with an ASA of III or higher, major cardiovascular, renal, or pulmonary disease, a history of malignant hyperthermia, any documented allergy to the study agent, H/O any mental condition, or use of sedative medicines were excluded from the study. Sevoflurane was used in Group A, while Propofol was used in Group B.
Results: The Sevoflurane group (51.02±4.52) had a quicker induction time (sec) than the Propofol group (61.29±5.51), which was statistically significant (p<0.001). The recovery profile after the agents were withdrawn at the conclusion of surgery revealed a significant difference in spontaneous eye opening (9.5±1.3 min in Sevoflurane group and 13.4±1.4 min in Propofol group), verbal communication (11.5±1.9 min in Sevoflurane group and 14.6±1.9 min in Propofol group) and mental orientation (16.1±1.6 min Sevoflurane group and 20.3±2.1min Propofol group) (p<0.001), with Sevoflurane demonstrating the superior recovery profile.
Conclusion: In terms of quicker induction and rapid recovery characteristics, we discovered that Sevoflurane outperforms Propofol. The intraoperative hemodynamics of the two groups were equivalent, with no statistically significant difference. However, Sevoflurane-based anaesthesia is still more expensive than Propofol, which if addressed would serve as a good choice of anaesthesia in impoverished nations.
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