To Study the Quality of Life of the Patients after following Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 246-251
AbstractBackground: Background Haemorrhoidal disease is ranked first among diseases of rectum and large intestine and estimated worldwide prevalence ranges from 2.9% to 27% of which more than 4% are symptomatic. Haemorrhoidal disease is a frequent disease of the anal canal. It is downward sliding of Anal Cushions. Haemorrhoids are important vascular cushions located in the anal canal as part of the normal anatomy. These cushions are composed of arteries, veins, smooth muscle fibers and connective tissue embedded in thickened submucosa. Since Longo first described Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy (SH) in 1998, it has been emerging as the procedure of choice for symptomatic haemorrhoids. The success and efficacy of haemorrhoidectomy procedures can be evaluated based on postoperative healing duration, complications, recurrence as well as questionnaires that reveal patient’s perspective, Therefore it has been proposed to assess the quality of life following stapled haemorrhoidectomy using SF-36 questionnaire.
Materials and Methods: This prospective studies for evaluation of quality of life and functional outcome following stapler haemorrhoidectomy was conducted in the post graduate department of surgery ASCOMS, Jammu for the period of one year to study the clinical outcome following stapled haemorrhoidectomy.
Results: The age of the patient ranged from 18 to 78 years of age with an average age of 45.73 years. Majority of patients in this study were males 60% whereas females were 40%. 21 (70%) of the patients had Grade III haemorrhoids and 9 (30%) patients had Grade II haemorrhoids. Post-operative pain was assessed by Visual analogue score at 6, 12, 24 hours. In our study, no patient complained of Urinary retention, post-operative bleeding, anal incontinence, mucosal discharge, anal stenosis or constipation.
Conclusion: Keeping all the benefits of stapled harmorrhoidectomy the clinical outcome in patients treated with this method is definitely better and clinical outcome in these patients is excellent.
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