A Study of Prevalence of Changes in FEV1 in Asthmatic Patient and Correlation with BMI
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 258-264
AbstractBackground: To determine the prevalence of obesity in asthmatic patient and to determine correlation of BMI of asthmatic patient with FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second).
Martial and Methods: We conducted this study on 75 Indian asthmatics with aim is to investigate the role of BMI on asthma severity. Patients who satisfying the predefined inclusion criteria were recruited into the study. All required tests were done including spirometry and calculation of BMI was done. The data obtained was subjected to systematic statistical analysis.
Results: The statistical analysis shows prevalence of obesity in asthmatic patients was higher (37.3%, BMI ≥ 25) than the general population. Most of the overweight and obese asthmatics had history of prior use of ICS therapy. There is statistically significant correlation found between BMI and FEV1, also significant correlation is present in BMI and asthma severity.
Conclusion: Obesity is potentially preventable factor which help in asthma control. Hence, asthma education programs may also include counseling about weight reduction which aims to help those patients who are overweight to improve health status and outcomes.
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