EFFECTIVENESS OF PROJECT WORK AS A TEACHING-LEARNING METHOD FOR TEACHING OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY TO UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 538-547
AbstractThis study was interventional education research aiming to assess the effectiveness of the project method of teaching when compared to traditional teaching methods in Medical Microbiology to undergraduate medical students.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
A total of 162 students volunteered to get enrolled in this study. The students were broadly divided into Group A and Group B. Each of the groups was further divided into 20 small groups. Group A students worked on one topic and Group B students worked on another topic. Each project had 30 – 35 slides in Microsoft PowerPoint format. The topics assigned for project work were taught again by didactic lecture after the completion and submission of projects. Assessment for the topic was conducted by MCQs and feedback from students was collected regarding their experience during the project.
Out of 208 students, a total of 162 (77.88%) students volunteered to get enrolled. A total of 40 projects were submitted, out of which 16 groups scored between 61 to 80 points, 19 groups scored between 41 to 60 points and 5 groups scored between 21 to 40 points. The topics for project work were taught again by didactic lecture and the average marks obtained by students who participated in the project were higher than students who did not participate in the project. The feedback displayed that 92% of students who participated in the project enjoyed being part of it and that it helped them in gaining knowledge.
There was a significant difference in marks of students who participated in the project and also attended lectures when compared to students who did not participate in the project or class. The students who agreed that they enjoyed being part of the project did not find any difficulty in finding material on the internet and were willing to participate in similar projects in the future. To conclude, project-based teaching and learning methods will aid in increasing interest and knowledge in the subject of Microbiology in medical students.
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