Document Type : Research Article
Breast cancer is becoming more common in today's population. Eighty percent of lesions are harmless. No clinical examination or investigation can reliably detect BBD. When clinical examination, USG breast, and FNAC/HPR are coupled, the accuracy of diagnosis improves.
AIMS & OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of clinical examination, ultrasonography, and histopatholgical examination in the diagnosis of benign breast illnesses.
Materials And Methods:
Female patients with breast disorders who attended O.P.D. or were admitted to wards at Department of Surgery, Govt Medical College/GGH, Mahabubnagar and research centre between June 2019 and July 2022. A detailed history of the patient was taken in order to determine the reasonable risk factor, and complaints were recorded chronologically. A clinical examination was performed to determine the various forms of presentation. The breast USG and FNAC/HPR are then performed.
RESULT: The present study indicated that the incidence of benign lumps was higher in the age group of 11-20 years. 28 patients (90 percent) reported a lump in the breast, followed by pain and drainage from the nipple. The majority of them (60%) were 3cms. Fibroadenomas were prevalent (73.34 percent). There were 16 cases of left side lesions. The majority of the lesions were isolated in 28 patients (93.34 percent ). FNAC was performed in all patients and was diagnostic (100 percent ). The USG could clearly indicate whether the tumour was cystic or solid, however further typing of the lesion had limitations, even though fibroadenoma could be reliably diagnosed.