Comparison of serum magnesium levels and sequential organ failure assessment score in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 802-809
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) is an inflammatory condition which affects multiple systems in the body and often occurs as a response which is immunologically mediated by the protective immune system to infectious agent. Magnesium plays a vital role in sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) The aim of this study is to estimate the serum magnesium concentrations in patients with SIRS in the medical ICU, to correlate with prognosis of SIRS patients by comparision with sequential organ failure assessment scoring and to assess the clinical outcome.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This Observational analytical study was conducted in 100 patients admitted at the medical intensive care unit of Saveetha medical college and hospital, chennai who satisfy the diagnostic clinical criteria for SIRS. Detailed clinical examination was done for each patient. Serum magnesium levels were sent and the results were analysed.
In the study, 100 patients were included. The mean age of the study population was 42. 92 + 16. 69 years. 70 % of the patients in the study group were male and 30 % were females. The mortality rate in the hypomagnesemia group was 81. 8% where as it was 14.3 % in the normomagnesemia group. There was Significant mortality in the hypomagnesemia group when compared to the normomagnesemia group. The mean duration of ICU stay for patients in the hypomagnesemia group was 5. 424 days and in the normomagnesemia group it was 5.286 days. Among 66 patients with hypomagnesemia 50 patients required mechanical ventilation and it was 66 %. Among 28 patients in normomagnesemia group, 2 patients required ventilatory support.
Serum magnesium levels have prognostic value in patients diagnosed as SIRS. Serum magnesium concentration shows association with increased mortality rate. There is significant greater need for mechanical ventilation and increased duration of stay under ventilator support in the patients with lower magnesium levels. There is a significant association in prognosticating the patients with SOFA scoring in hypomagnesemia and magnesium correction may improve the outcomes in sepsis and SIRS patients.
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