Document Type : Research Article
In most developed countries, pregnancies are planned, complications are few and outcomes are generally favourable for both mother and infant. Adverse outcomes are far more frequent in the developing world. The most severe adverse outcome of pregnancy is the death of the mother or her offspring. The adverse pregnancy outcome means those pregnancies which terminate causing high risk to the mother and child’s health and life. Worldwide the number of neonatal deaths decreased from 5.1 million in 1990 to 2.5 million in 2017. However, the decline in neonatal mortality from 2000 to 2017 has been slower (41%) than that in post-neonatal mortality (60%) globally. This survey was carried out in the Kudathini Village, which is the rural field practice area situated 16 kms from VIMS Ballari. Ballari is a district in the southern part of Karnataka. There are 19.2% of study subjects who got married below the age of 18 years and the remaining 80.7% were married after 18 years of age. The percentage of consanguinity in marriage is 5.6% and rest 94.3% are non-consanguineous marriage. The duration of married life of most of the study subjects’ i.e, 48.6% belonged to 1-5 years duration followed by more than 5 years i.e, 28.2% and rest of 4.2% were married for less than a year.