Comparative study of intravenous clonidine versus tramadol for controlling shivering in regional anaesthesia for caesarean section in terms of efficiency, side effects & complications
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1250-1256
AbstractBackground: Spinal anaesthesia is popular and safe anaesthesia technique for various surgeries. Shivering that develops following spinal anaesthesia is common problem due to impairment of thermoregulatory control. Present study was aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous Tramadol with intravenous Clonidine in controlling shivering in obstetric patients under regional anaesthesia for caesarean section.
Material and Methods: Present study was single-center, prospective, comparative study, conducted in pregnant women, 18-40 years age, ASA grade I & II, developing shivering intra operative or postoperative in emergency or elective section. Drug therapy started as per patient group after delivery of baby
as Group C received Clonidine 0.5mcg per kg i.v while group T- received tramadol 0.5mg per kg i.v. Results: There was no significant difference in pre operative temperature, HR, SBP, DBP and SpO2 in both groups and even after the control of shivering. Mean time required to control the shivering in Tramadol group is 2.77 minutes is significantly less as compared to the Clonidine group which is 5.47 minutes (p< 0.001). Response rate that is the percentage of patients in which shivering controlled in 15 minutes after the treatment is 95% in Tramadol group and 82.5% in Clonidine group. The difference was not significant statistically (P-value 0.155). No side effects were noted in tramadol group, while 3 patients had side effects in clonidine group (3 cases had sedation), difference was not significant statistically.
Conclusion: Tramadol as compared to Clonidine is safe and effective in controlling the shivering in obstetric patients receiving spinal anaesthesia. Side effects were nil with tramadol, while patients received Clonidine were more sedated. Tramadol should be used for management of intra-operative shivering in regional anaesthesia for caesarean section.
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