A hospital based observational assessment of the distribution of different temporomandibular joint disorders in complete dentures patients
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1288-1292
AbstractAim: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients wearing complete dentures (CD).
Material and Methods: This study was carried at the department of dentistry for a period of 1 year. 100 completely edentulous patients in the age group of 22-74 years who did not complain of any TMD and were denture bearers with a varied denture wearing span, were examined for TMD signs and symptoms included in the study.
Results: Out of a total of 100 subject sex amines, the majority of the patients is 28% fell in the age group of 50-60 years, followed by 40-50 years 22%. There was no statistically significant association between different genders and age (P [χ2=1.722, P (χ2>1.722) = 0.9885. In the distribution of patients with or without TMD, 61.67% of males out of the total male subjects and 65% of females out of total female subjects showed the presence of signs. The difference was found to be statistically insignificant (P [χ2=0.347, P (χ2>0.365) = 0.5476). 42% of the subjects had 1-3 years of edentulous span followed by32%withmorethan 5 years of edentulous span and 26% of the subjects showed 3-5 years of edentulous span. 34% of the subjects showed limited mouth opening assign of TMD followed by jaw deviation which is shown by 27 (27%) of the subjects.
Conclusion: With an increase in the number of patients wearing CD, it becomes mandatory for dentists to be aware of the consequences of denture use over the anatomy and physiology of TMJ to provide quality prosthodontics treatment. The most common finding was limited mouth opening while crepitus and clicking were the least encountered
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