Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block in Abdominal Surgery An Observational Study to Assess the Need for Diclofenac as a Post-Operative Analgesic Drug
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1115-1121
AbstractBackground- The Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block is a method used for regional anaesthesia. It offers analgesia during lower abdominal surgery, especially when parietal wall pain is a significant source of discomfort. Through the local anaesthetic deposition between the Transversus Abdominis muscle and internal oblique muscle, it permits sensory blockage of the lower abdominal wall's skin and muscles. In a hospital-based, prospective observational study we assessed the effectiveness of unilateral TAP Block with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in hernia repair.
Material & Methods - The following procedure was used on 100 patients having elective unilateral inguinal hernioplasty surgery: TAP Block with bupivacaine (n = 50 in the study group) and without TAP Block (n = 50 in the control group). At the conclusion of the spinal anesthesia-induced surgery, the study group underwent a unilateral TAP Block on the surgical side using 20 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine. In the post-anesthesia care unit, each patient was evaluated 30 minutes, 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after surgery. The amount of time needed to administer the first dosage of rescue analgesia, the vas score, and the total amount of diclofenac used were evaluated in each group, and comparisons were made using a student t-test.
Result: The difference between the mean analgesia duration in the study group and control group—669.66± 346 min 220.33 ± 139.24 minutes, respectively—was shown to be statistically significant. The VAS score in the control group was consistently higher than in the study group. Diclofenac was consumed in a total dose of 95 mg in the study group and 202.5 mg in the control group, indicating a substantial decrease in diclofenac consumption in the study group.
Conclusions- When utilised in patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty, TAP Block with 0.25% bupivacaine offered powerful and longer duration of analgesia, with little any need for diclofenac. There were no side effects linked to TAP Block or the medications being tested
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