Comparative study of incisional hernia in relation to various risk factors
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 3897-3901
AbstractIntroduction: Hernia is a protrusion of a viscus or part of viscus through an abnormal opening in the wall of its containing cavity.
Aims & Objectives: This study aims at determining the association of incisional hernia with one, or in various combinations of more specific risk factors such as age, sex, obesity, history of previous wound infection, the type of incision used and the number of previous operations. Material and Methods: Fifty patients with incisonal hernia admitted to surgical wards of Government Medical College, Mahabubnagar District, form the material of this study. This is a longitudinal study. The study period extends from April 2019 to March 2020.Patients were selected randomly. Detailed history with specific reference to previous surgery / surgeries and the postoperative period, is elicited from the patient and verified with the previous records which are available with the patient.
Results: Incisional hernia is common in the 3rd decade of life in obese females. Operations on the female pelvic organs were the most common procedure preceding the development of incisional hernia. Postoperative wound infection at previous surgery & repeated surgeries through the same incision are associated risk factors for development of incisional hernia.
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