Document Type : Research Article
Background: A number of cells and cellular components are associated in the chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways known as asthma. In this study, we compared the percentage of peripheral eosinophils in individuals with clinically diagnosed asthma to non-asthmatic adults under the age of 70 and analyzed the various risk factors that contribute to asthma.
Method: This was a case-control research including 50 patients (asthmatic – 25, non-asthmatic – 25). The study was conducted under inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the data was entered into a Microsoft Excel sheet from 2010 and transferred to SPSS for Windows, version 24.0 of IBM's statistical tool for social sciences. The means of the two groups were compared using the T-test.
Results: Eosinophil means and standard deviations were 5.50±2.64 in asthmatic patients and 2.03 ± 1.59 in non-asthmatic individuals. Eosinophil percentage in asthmatics and non-asthmatics differed statistically.
Conclusion: Since no patients in this trial had severe, chronic asthma, it was not included in the analysis. Both asthmatic and non-asthmatic adults had routine tests like complete blood counts, haemoglobin, white blood cells, eosinophil percentages, and absolute eosinophil counts. Adult asthmatic patients had considerably higher absolute eosinophil counts and eosinophil percentages than non-asthmatic individuals. Asthma early signs include blood eosinophil percentage and absolute eosinophil count