IOT BASED GEO SYNCHRONISED MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING OF SOLAR PANEL
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 2279-2286
AbstractSolar power is the emerging field of energy production in the field of renewable energy. Here for the tapping of this abundant resource is possible only by using solar panels or Photo voltaic cell. Even though it is implemented in a larger scale the energy efficiency or the output efficiency produced is less than 20 percentage. The maximum efficiency achieved by using High-Quality solar panels is roughly around 23 percentage. Using these High-Quality solar panels at a larger scale will not be much economical in ratio to the revenue the plant can generate. Thus various efficiency increasing methods are adopted to produce higher efficiency at lower cost. The fundamental factor for increasing the energy output of an individual solar panel is highly dependent on the time period for which the panel is exposed to the maximum amount of sunlight. The existing methods which are readily available consist of a Timer which rotates the panels to certain angle along the sun’s position, here in this proposed setup we have an embedded system, GPS receiver, router, IOT Cloud, Wi-Fi modem, display, motor, motor driver, solar panel, solar panel tracking mechanism, angle sensor, battery, battery charge controller, driver, voltage sensing unit, ADC and display. The embedded system receives current time and date from the GPS receiver. According to time and date, the position of the solar panel is calculated by the embedded system. Then the embedded system triggers the motor driver for controlling the motor. Here the motor is connected to a solar panel tracking mechanism on which the solar panel is mounted.
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