Comparison of spectrum of medico-legal cases and outcomes in the emergency department of tertiary care centre: A retrospective study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 91-98
AbstractAIMS: Emergency Medicine is a new discipline that started with the aim of effective and early resuscitation of critically ill patients. Medico-legal cases (MLC) are surged globally due to the population rise. Resource allocation for different MLC in terms of humans, infrastructure, and equipment is complicated. The present study aimed to find a pattern of Medico-legal cases with outcomes in the Emergency Department.
METHODS :This isaretrospective study done in a tertiary care teaching hospital over one year from January 2021 to December 2021. A total of 955 cases were registered, out of which 918 were selected. Patients data was recorded in proforma regarding the demographic profile, the pattern of MLC, and hospital outcome. Descriptive analysis expressed in frequencies and percentages using SPSS for Windows, Version 26.0.
RESULTS : In 918 cases, males were 69.80 %, and females were 30.20%. The majority of patients were aged 21 to 40 years, accounting for 56.10%. The pattern of MLC cases is Road traffic accidents 34.50%, poisoning 23.10%, Assault 19.80%, Bites 13.6%, and burns 2.20%. Outcomes showed the discharges 55.10%, deaths 3.8%, Against Medical Advice 29.30%, and OPD Basis11.80%. Mortality was highest in road traffic accidents, accounting for 1.5%.
CONCLUSION : Present study concludes MLC cases were common in males of younger age groups. The majority of MLC cases are Road traffic accidents and poisoning. Mortality was more in Road traffic accidents. This study will guide the preparedness of the Emergency department in terms of resource allocation, training of staff, and formulation of hospital plans and policies by government /law agencies.
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