Document Type : Research Article
Background: Urinary tract infection isamong the most common bacterial infections ingeneral population.The etiology as well as antibiotic sensitivity pattern of UTI varies with the widespread availability of antimicrobial agents; As a result of widespread use of antimicrobial agents, UTIs are becoming increasingly difficult to treat as pathogens with increasing resistance to commonly used antimicrobials are encountered more frequently in clinical practice.
Methods: A cross-sectional study done during April 2021-April2022. All positive urine culture and sensitivity reports of males and females aged 10-80years were included. A total of200 positive urine culture cases were taken from the culture and sensitivity register from Microbiology department of Hindu Rao Hospitaland details were tabulated using a questionnaire.
Results: Out of200 adults, males were 62 (31 %) and females were 138 (69 %). E. coli (63.1%) was the most common organism, followed byEnterococcus (17.68), Klebsiella Pneumoniae (11.1%) Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus. The incidence of UTI was morein female patients in the agegroup of21-30years.E.coli andKlebsiella weresensitive to Amikacin (97.1%), Nitrofurantoin (90.7%), Gentamycin and Imipenem. Both organisms were resistant to Ampicillin (>90%).
Conclusions: In this study, females were predominately affected and on culture the most common organisms were E. coliand Klebsiella. These organisms were most sensitive to Amikacin, Nitrofurantoin and resistant predominantly to Ampicillin. While planning treatment for UTI the sensitivity and resistance pattern ofuropathogensto common antimicrobial agents must betaken into account.