Study of Incidence of Hyponatremia in Paediatric Pneumonia and Correlation of Sodium Levels to Severity
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1657-1662
AbstractBackground: Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte imbalance which occurs in children with pneumonia. Many studies have reported the incidence of hyponatremia around 40 to 45%.Presence of hyponatremia adds to the morbidity apart from the disease itself. Hence the present study was taken up to find the incidence of hyponatremia in pneumonia.
Methods: This prospective observational study involved 122 children admitted to the paediatric ward and PICU of PMCH, Patna. Children diagnosed as pneumonia as per WHO guidelines between 1 to 5 years were included. Beside other relevant blood investigations, blood samples for electrolytes were analysed using automated analyser that uses ISE (ion selective electrode) technology for sodium determination.
Conclusion: Hyponatremia is common electrolyte imbalance found in community acquired pneumonia and more commonly seen in severe pneumonia.
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