Patterns of Benign Bone Tumors and Tumor- like Lesions: A Retrospective Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1675-1677
AbstractBackground: Primary bone tumors account for 0.2-0.5% of all malignancies, are rare and mostly benign in nature. The overall incidence of benign bone tumors is debatable because majority of the patients are without symptom and their clinical manifestations are unspecific thus these tumors remain largely undiagnosed. In addition to radiography, CT and MRI are very helpful in the diagnosis of solitary bone lesions.
Objective: To retrospectively evaluate epidemiology and distribution of newly diagnosed benign bone tumors in Department of Radiodiagnosis, Katihar Medical College & Hospital.
Materials and Methods: Computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations performed between 1st January 2018 and 31st December 2019 in musculoskeletal radiology section of the department of radiodiagnosis were reevaluated by an experienced radiologist.
Inclusion Criteria – All CT and/or MRI examinations performed between 1st January 2018 and 31st December 2019 in musculoskeletal radiology section of the department of radiodiagnosis, Katihar Medical College & Hospital. Exclusion Criteria – CT and/or MRI of Benign bone lesions of the axial skeleton.
Result: During study period, 300 patients (132 females, 168 males) aged between 10 and 66 years (mean age 31.48 ± 14.8 years) with benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions were diagnosed for the first time. Osteochondroma was diagnosed in 40% of the patients. Osteochondroma lesions were most commonly located around knee joint. Enchondroma, Fibroxanthoma and Osteoid Osteoma were diagnosed in descending order of prevalence respectively. Male predominance was seen in all cases except in Enchondroma where female predominance in prevalence of cases was seen.
Conclusion:- Benign bone tumours and tumor-like lesions are most frequently seen in children and young adults, although they may also present in later stages of life. Although plain radiography is essential for diagnosis, CT and MRI examinations provide additional information. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic patients and for the patients with arisk of pathological fracture or deformity
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