Bone Marrow Profile in Geriatric Patients - An Institutional Experience
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1847-1852
AbstractBackground: Ageing is a complex process and comes with increased risk of acquiring hematologic and no hematologic disorders. Bone marrow examinationis an important modality in diagnosing these conditions in the elderly and helps guide therapy.
Objective: This study was therefore conducted to study the indications and morphological features of bone marrow examination in geriatric population.
Materials methods: The study was conducted over a period of 5 years in pathology laboratory in department of Belgaum institute of medical sciences, Belagavi from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2019. A total of 156 bone marrow examination cases above 60 years were reviewed and s were recorded.
Results: Anemia was the commonest indication (37%) followed by bicytopenia/ pancytopenia (29%) Suspicion of leukaemia was an indication in 17% of cases. Megaloblastic anemia was the commonest diagnosis (39%). Iron deficiency anemia and combined deficiency was diagnosed in 14% and 8% cases respectively. Acute leukemia was seen in 11 cases (7%). 10 cases (6%) each of chronic myeloid leukemia and normal bone study were noted.
Conclusion: Bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy are complimentary tools in diagnosis of hematologic and non henatologic disorders in the geriatric papopulation
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