A Prospective Hospital-Based Study of Acute Childhood Poisoning
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 762-769
AbstractBackground: Poisoning in children is a worldwide epidemic, and there is no region in the world that is immune to this catastrophe. In paediatric practise, it is one of the most frequently encountered situations that could have been avoided. Both the cause of poisoning and the type of poisoning can vary greatly from one region of the world to another. This is because the availability of poison to children is influenced by a variety of factors, including population, socioeconomic standing, level of education, as well as local beliefs and practises.
Martial and Methods: A future hospital-based study in India with a prospective design. Over the course of three years, beginning in June 2021 and ending in June 2022, children hospitalized to Sambaram Institute of Medical Sciences and Research with suspected acute poisoning were the subjects of a study that was designed as a prospective investigation. A parent or other relative who was present throughout the interview provided background information about the youngster.
Results: 210 children were found to be suffering from acute poisoning. There were 125 males, and there were only 85 girls. In 110 of the instances, household goods were involved, while pharmaceuticals were involved in 62, toxic plants were involved in 21, agrochemicals were involved in 13, and other substances were involved in 4.
Conclusion: In conclusion, I would like to offer some suggestions for some strategies that can assist to minimize the prevalence of childhood poisoning in India, in addition to the morbidity and death associated with it. Keep the containers of kerosene oil securely sealed and out of the reach of youngsters at all times. Do not keep kerosene oil in soft drink bottles. Make people aware of the potential risks associated with vomiting after consuming kerosene oil. Keep any agricultural chemicals in a secure location. Instruct the general public on how to properly dispose of unused medication.
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