Accuracy of Ultrasound Elastography in Characterization of Breast Lesions
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 791-804
AbstractBackground: The paper reviews elastography's importance in distinguishing benign from malignant breast lesions. Breast cancer accounts for 27% of all cancers among women in India, according to NICPR. Breast lumps can be benign cysts or malignant lesions.4Incidence rises in early 30s and peaks in 50s-64s.
Martial and Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional, diagnostic study was done at NRI General Hospital, Guntur, and Andhra Pradesh, India. 82 individuals were excluded from ultrasound electrography using PHILIPS AFFINITY 70. November 2019-October 2021 was the study's duration.
Results: 53 of 82 research participants had benign lesions. USG found 29 women with malignant lesions. HPE found 45 benign and 27 malignant tumours. In the current study, most women had a bump and mastalgia. Malignancies often cause nosebleeds. Benign instances show mastalgia, lump, swelling. 13 asymptomatic patients. 2 had malignant lesions. 9 were benign. One case of malignant nipple ulcer was found.
Conclusion: Dense breasts reduce mammogram detection of breast cancer. Ultrasonography shows dense glandular tissue as hyperechoic, but breast tumours are hypoechoic and easily recognised. Ionizing radiation limits mammography's age and frequency. Ultrasound elastography is risk-free.
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