Assessment of non- neoplastic and neoplastic lesions of uterine cervix
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1882-1886
AbstractBackground: Histopathological studies of the cervix along with clinical correlation is very important for definitive diagnosis in diseases of the cervix. The present study was conducted to assess non neoplastic and neoplastic lesions of uterine cervix.
Materials & Methods: 78 specimens received from hysterectomy, cervical biopsy, cervical polypectomy from department of obstetrics & gynecology were formalin fixed & paraffin embedded tissue sections were used for microscopic study. Microscopic findings were recorded and histopathological diagnoses were made.
Results: Cervical specimens were 13 cervical biopsy, 60 hysterectomy and 5 polypectomies. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Non- neoplastic inflammatory lesions were seen in 55 and non-neoplastic cervical glandular lesions in 10. Neoplastic lesions were benign in 8, precursor lesions in 3 and malignant lesions in 2 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Inflammatory lesions were acute cervicitis in 5, chronic non- specific cervicitis in 30 and chronic papillary endocervicitis in 20 cases. Benign lesions were endocervical polyp in 4, fibroepithelial polyp in 2 and leiomyomatous polyp in 2 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Histopathological examination of biopsy specimen is gold standard for the diagnosis. Cervical malignancies are most common malignancies of female genital tract
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