STUDY OF BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN AT A DISTRICT HOSPITAL
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 895-899
AbstractBackground: Bone mineral density (BMD) is a quantitative measure of bone mass and represents the total mineral in a selected volume of bone in the hip or in the spine. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is currently the gold standard in the measurement of bone mineral density (BMD). Present study was aimed to study bone mineral density in postmenopausal women at a district hospital.
Material and Methods: Present study was single-center, descriptive, observational study, conducted women who were post-menopausal for at least one year.
Results: 220 postmenopausal women were studied. Mean age was 50.93 ± 5.19 years, mean height was 154.44 ± 8.20 cm, mean weight was 64.39 ± 14.25 kgs & mean BMI was 24.44 ± 3.51 kg/m2, mean age at menopause was 48.24 ± 4.14 years & mean menopausal duration was 3.17 ± 1.91 years. Bone mineral density at lumbar spine was normal in majority of cases (44.55 %), while 32.27 % cases had osteopenia & 23.18 % cases had osteoporosis. While, bone mineral density at femoral neck was normal in majority of cases (46.82 %), while 30.91 % cases had osteopenia & 22.27 % cases had osteoporosis.
Conclusion: Estimation of bone mineral density is the key to early diagnose osteoporosis among postmenopausal women.
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