Prevalence and associated risk factors of dry eye disease at a tertiary hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 1967-1972
AbstractBackground: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disorder that is now days considered as a public health problem due to its impact on vision-related quality of life of the affected subjects.According to the recent official report of the International Dry Eye Workshop (DEWS 2017), that based on summary of the findings of current research, DED was defined as “a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that is associated with hyperosmolarity of tear film which in turn leads to inflammation and damage of the ocular surface that accompanied with ocular symptoms of discomfort, fatigue and disturbance in visioin” Aim & Objective: Method: Study design: A cross-sectional study. Study setting: Department of ophthalmology at tertiary care centre. Study duration: Dec 2020 to June 2021,Study population: The study population included all Subjects with current or previous diagnosis of DED were included in the study Sample size: 769 Results: The mean age of all participants was 43.61 ± 18.57 years with a range of 18 to 90 years. Of all study population, 405 (52.7%) subjects were females and 364 (47.3%) were males. Of the study population, 131 (17%) reported having diabetes milletus (DM), 161 (20.9%) reported having hypertension (HTN). DED was significantly more prevalent in older age group > 45 years (p = 0.002) and in females than males in all age groups (p = 0.00). Conclusions: The prevalence of DED is high in the study population. Older age and female gender were associated risk factors with the development of DED.
- Article View: 11
- PDF Download: 22