Document Type : Research Article
Background: Diabetes Mellitus is an important health problem affecting major populations worldwide. The purpose of this study was to find out how well the thyroid works in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus with or without nephropathy.
Materials and Methods: Group I did not have any diabetic nephropathy patients, and Group II did not have any diabetic nephropathy patients. All patients were subjected to a detailed history and clinical examination,
Moreover, 5 ml of venous blood was drawn by aseptic technique and various lab investigations, such as thyroid function tests, were done.
Results: Group I had 16 males and 14 females, and Group II had 15 males and 15 females. Thyroid function in group I and group II was normal in 21 and 15, low T3 syndrome in 5 and 6, subclinical hypothyroidism in 3 and 5, and overt hypothyroidism in 2 and 4, respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). There was a correlation of TSH with SCr, eGFR, and UACR in group II (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Thyroid dysfunction was more prevalent in patients with diabetic nephropathy.