Non-Pharmacological Management of Blood Pressure by Aerobic Training in Hypertensive Indian Patients
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 2325-2329
AbstractIntroduction: Hypertension is a non-communicable disease, which is emerging as a major public health problem in the developing countries such as India. According to National Cardiovascular Disease Database, supported by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India and World Health Organization, the prevalence of hypertension is gradually raising now a days, which leads to coronary heart disease which constitutes 54.1% of all cardiovascular disease deaths. Lifestyle of an individual such as diet, physical activity, environment etc plays major role in development of hypertension. Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and persons who are less active and less fit have a greater risk for high Blood pressure. Aim and Objectives: Study aimed to determine the effects of effects of aerobic exercise on blood pressure in patients suffering with pre or stage-1 hypertension.
Material and Method: It is a prospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study. This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Malwanchal University over a period of three years. Experimental study design was carried out with a sample of 60 participants in each group of exercises assigned randomly. Following the inclusion and exclusion criteria, informed consent was taken from all the participants included in the study.
Results: After three months aerobic training Mean Systolic Blood Pressure is changed in pre-test 135.65 ± 6.35 mm of Hg to post-test 133.65 ± 6.12. In aerobic group Mean Diastolic Blood Pressure in pre-test 91.63 ± 5.83 mm of Hg and post-test 87.73 ± 5.33.
Conclusion: The present study conclude that aerobic exercise training has therapeutic effects in the pre or stage-1 hypertensive patients.
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