Risk Factors Associated with Preeclampsia: A Case Control Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 2367-2373
AbstractIntroduction: Preeclampsia is linked to maternal morbidity and death, as well as short- and long-term effects on the unborn child. Preeclampsia has become more common, and the incidence of recurring preeclampsia has not decreased. The current study's objective was to determine risk variables for recurrent preeclampsia in women who had previously experienced the condition.
Materials and methods: Case control analytical study was conducted among 60 preeclampsia case and 60 control at tertiary care hospital of Gujarat.
Results: As per univariate analysis, preeclampsia was found to be substantially correlated with advance age and poor education of mother as well as family head, obesity, family history of preeclampsia, hypertension, and personal history of DM. Obstetric history such as early menarche age (11–12 years), primiparity, inter pregnancy interval less than 3 years were significantly associated with development of pre eclampsia. On multivariate analysis, it was found that obesity, primiparity, interpregnancy interval less than 3 years, personal history of DM, family history of pre eclampsia and hypertension were independent risk factors of Preeclampsia.
Conclusion: Obesity, primiparity, interpregnancy interval less than 3 years, personal history of DM, family history of preeclampsia and hypertension are significant predictor for development of Preeclampsia. Most of these factors are non-modifiable, but can be used to screen women dursing antenatal visits to identify those at higher risk of Preeclampsia.
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