Evaluation of spermatic cord thickness by ultrasonography
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 2241-2247
AbstractAims and Objectives: To study by ultrasonography normal thickness of spermatic cord and to determine the difference between the spermatic cord thickness on the left and right side in the Indian population.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study scrotal ultrasonography performed on 50 asymptomatic volunteers; optimal results were obtained with a 7-10 MHz high-frequency linear-array transducer. Discussion and Results: Normal spermatic cord thickness was less than 5mm. Mean difference between the cords on both sides was 0.2278 with maximum difference of 0.56 mm.
Conclusion: Ultrasonography is the basic modality of investigation in acute and non-acute conditions of the scrotum. Spermatic cord evaluation by ultrasound is an important component of it. There are various abnormalities of spermatic cord starting from funiculitis to primary and metastatic tumors of spermatic cord. All these conditions are said to cause thickening of the spermatic cord but till date there is no definitive cut-off given to define it. In this study we have tried to establish a normal measurement for spermatic cord thickness in various abnormalities.
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